Do llamas spit? Yes, sometimes, but usually just at each other. There may be a dispute about who is boss and who gets the food first. They generally give a warning signal first by putting their ears straight back, flat with the head. Llamas that have lived in a zoo or a petting zoo are often very fed up with people! They may spit without much provocation until they get to know you.
How do you catch a llama?. This is a bit tricky as llamas do not like to be caught or cornered. In the wild, they are used to wide open spaces. You can build a small fenced area to make it easier to catch them, or a pen in a barn. If you do not have this, then a corner of a filed can be divided in half with more fencing. One person herds them into the corner while another can stand on the opposite side with the halter. You can order special llama halter on-line or at some farm or horse supply stores. They come in different sizes. The ones with the fixed rings are best. When haltering a llama be careful that the nose ring is not cutting off the air supply by being to close to the soft part of the nose. If this happens they will panic.
Do their feet needing trimming? Yes, at least once or twice a year. First tie the llama up short or put in a restraining chute. Pick up the feet one by one and trim the nail so it does not curl and lies level with the ground. If it bleeds, you have cut too much! You can use sheep foot trimmers or even rose pruners will work.
Do they need shots?. It is a good idea to de-worm your llama at least once a year or even as often as every three months in heavily worm infested areas. Check with your local veterinarian. We use injectable Ivomectin. Tasvax should be given to a young llama at about 6 weeks with a booster a month later. Then a booster is needed once a year.
Feeding. Llamas may need a little grain or corn in very cold weather in addition to the usual hay, but be careful not to overfeed them. Llamas are easy keepers and have a tendency to get too fat, which is not healthy for them. About a cupful a day is all they need each.
Herd animals Llamas are herd animals, so are not happy when kept on their own. They need the company of other llamas, alpacas, sheep or goats. Some people have successfully kept them with horses, but this is sometimes difficult, as horses may be scared of llamas- not the other way round!.